General Information about Brazil:
Portugal ruled for 300 years until Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. The largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil overcame more than 50 years of military intervention in the governance of the country when in 1985 the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Utilizing vast natural resources and a large labor pool, today Brazil is South America's leading economic power and a regional leader.
Land boundaries: Suriname 597 km, Uruguay 985 km, Guyana 1,119 km, Venezuela 2,200 km, Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km
local long form: Republica Federativa do Brasil - local short form: Brasil
long form: Federative Republic of Brazil - short form: Brazil
Government type: Federative Republic
Independence: 7 September 1822 from Portugal