The Spanish settled Nicaragua as a colony in the 16th century. Nicaraguans declared independence from Spain in 1821 and became an independent republic in 1838. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. It also has the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua.
Land boundaries: Honduras 922 km, Costa Rica 309 km
local long form: Republica de Nicaragua - local short form: Nicaragua
long form: Republic of Nicaragua - short form: Nicaragua
Government type: Republic
Independence: 15 September 1821 from Spain
Nicaraguan Flag Description:
three equal horizontal bands; blue on top, white, and blue on bottom; national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words "Republica De Nicaragua" on the top and "America Central" on the bottom