Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by most European powers, and the Swiss did not get involved in either of the World Wars in the 20th century. Switzerland did not officially become a member of the UN until 2002. The country retains a strong commitment to neutrality.
long form: Swiss Confederation
short form: Switzerland
local long form: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German), Confederazione Svizzera (Italian), Confederation Suisse (French)
local short form: Schweiz (German), Svizzera (Italian), Suisse (French)
Government type: Federal Republic
Independence: August 1, 1291 founding of the Swiss Confederation
National Anthem: "Schweizerpsalm" [German] "Cantique Suisse" [French] "Salmo svizzero," [Italian] "Psalm svizzer" [Romansch] (Swiss Psalm) - Anthem was officially adopted in 1981 but was composed in 1841.