Long form: Republic of Singapore - Short form: Singapore
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Independence: August 9, 1965 from the Malaysian Federation.
Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other 2.7%.
Singaporean Flag Description:
The Singapore flag has two equal horizontal bands of red on the top and white on the bottom.
Close to the hoist side of the red band, there's a vertical white crescent ( the closed portion is toward the hoist side ) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle.